• Australian Brush-Turkey
  • Fungi
  • Grey-headed Flying Fox
  • Powerful Owl
  • Red Crowned Toadlet
  • Scarlet Honeyeater

Photo credits
-    Australian brush-turkey, Alectura lathami – Chris Young
-    Red-crowned toadlet, Pseudophryne australis, Daniel McKeon
-    Grey-headed flying fox, Pteropus poliocephalus, Liz Noble
-    Scarlet honeyeater, Myzomela sanguinolenta, Andrew Robinson
-    Powerful Owl,  Ninox strenua, Powerful Owl Project

Biodiversity refers to the variety of all life including plants, animals, fungi, insects and microorganisms, their genes and the ecosystems that they form. It is a broad term for the many species and ecological processes that are essential for maintaining our community’s health and the amenity of the Central Coast and its landscapes.

Our Region

On the Central Coast, there are thousands of different species of plants and fungi and hundreds of different animals (including birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish and insects). There are at least 83 distinct vegetation community types, each with their unique suite of interacting species and ecological conditions.  

Over 2,100 native plant species have been recorded in the Central Coast LGA. An additional 798 exotic plant species have been recorded. There are 384 native bird, 108 native mammal and 122 native reptile and amphibian species on the Central Coast. Some of these are migratory or nomadic and use the region intermittently or seasonally. According to the Atlas of Living Australia there are 1090 species of insects and spiders recorded in the former Gosford LGA and 584 species in the former Wyong LGA. And those are just the ones that have names. 
Our magnificent biodiversity is of national and regional importance. For example, the Central Coast community can be proud that:  
•    our coastlines provide key breeding sites for the little tern and other migratory shorebirds;  
•    regionally important populations of squirrel glider, greater glider and yellow-bellied glider call the Central Coast home;  
•    we have a large diversity of microbat species;  
•    Kincumba Mountain Reserve and The Scenic Road Bushland Reserve are home to long-nosed potoroos;  
•    we have at least four permanent flying-fox maternity camps; 
•    there is a population of wallum froglet in the Porters Creek Wetland
•    our estuaries and coastal lakes are immensely important for the fisheries industry; and  
•    46,808 ha or 25% of the Central Coast is national park.

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Last updated : Wed 22 Feb 2023