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Coastal Management in Northern Coastal Areas
Council has developed and implemented strategies to manage risks to people property and the environment in our fragile and dynamic coastal zones.

Wyong Coastal Zone Management Plan 2011

The Central Coast has been a favourite recreation and holiday destination for generations. The number of people living in or visiting the Central Coast is ever growing. High recreational usage and urban growth places significant pressure on sensitive coastal landscapes. Storm wave erosion of beaches and dunes, as well as landslip on cliffs or bluffs, has the potential to threaten safety and spoil the enjoyment of the coast.

The Coastal Zone Management Plan for Wyong Shire (Wyong CZMP 2011) was developed in partnership with the New South Wales Office of Environment and Heritage. It was prepared in accordance with the State Government's suite of coastal legislation policies and guidelines. The plan addresses a pressing need to develop and implement strategies that properly manage risks to people, property and the environment in the fragile and dynamic coastal zone. It was adopted by Wyong Shire Council on the 14 December 2011.

The Wyong CZMP 2011 helps Council and the community understand:

  • which coastal locations warrant conservation
  • the dynamic, ever-changing nature of our coast
  • the different options available for managing coastal erosion risks
  • what’s needed to provide safe access and recreation spaces for locals and visitors
  • where special protection should be provided for protection of infrastructure like surf clubs
  • what emergency procedures are needed for major storms
  • how to minimise the impacts of development, such as weed infestations, litter and decreased water quality from land clearing, car parks and other activities
  • the costs of balancing what the community wants for the coast, and where State and Local Government should spend money.

The Wyong CZMP 2011 deals with the management of the immediate coastal fringe. For the northern coastal areas, this includes:

  • the first street parallel to the ocean or the extent of the 100-year coastal hazard planning zone (whichever is greater) for urban areas and public reserves
  • fore dunes and hind dunes
  • unstable coastal areas such as cliffs and bluffs.

Most houses along northern coastal areas are situated around smaller bay beaches and bluffs, such as Blue Bay, Toowoon Bay, Noraville and The Entrance. These are the main focus of the current project, together with development on the dunes behind some sections of long sandy beaches.

Near these core, coastal urban areas, interaction with the natural coastal process driven by wind, rain, waves and tides can affect the environmental quality of the coastline. This can include stormwater catchments and other urban areas from which local people would visit the beaches, headlands and rock platforms. Land managed by National Parks and Wildlife Service is also part of the context area.

Next steps

In line with legislated requirements, Council has revised this Wyong Coastal Zone Management Plan 2011 for the northern coastal areas. The revised final draft was submitted to the Minister of Environment for certification in February 2018.

The Draft Wyong CZMP 2018 and relevant supporting documentation were on Public Exhibition from 15 May 2017 to 13 June 2017 here

How does climate change affect the Coastal Zone Management Plan?

The Coastal Hazard Assessment looks at the severity of erosion along the coastline immediately and over the 2050 and 2100 year planning periods, taking into account sea level rise, storm surge and wave run up.

The impacts of climate change have been considered as have the technical studies that advise the plan. Some of the ways climate change may impact coastal management include:

  • minimum and maximum temperatures may rise
  • changes to rainfall patterns
  • sea level rise
  • potential for increase in the frequency and severity of weather patterns responsible for extreme storm events
  • higher probability of east coast low formation.

Rising sea levels combined with higher frequency of storms may alter sediment transport regimes along beaches and encourage coastal recession of beaches and wave attack and erosion of coastal cliffs and bluffs. This erosion may affect several coastal properties within the Wyong Shire and a range of coastal infrastructure such as stormwater outlets, roads and surf clubs.

Wyong CZMP 2011 documents

Wyong Coastal Zone Management Plan Section 1
Wyong Coastal Zone Management Plan Section 2 figures
Wyong Coastal Zone Management Plan Section 3 appendix

Supporting documents

This first volume of supporting text for the Wyong Shire Coastal Zone Management Plan (Wyong CZMP 2011) includes a detailed explanation of the plan, as well as a summary of evaluation and supporting evidence.

The supporting information has been split into several smaller files for easier viewing. Please consult the  Table of Contents to see what parts of the document may be relevant to you.

CZMP-V1-1 Summary 
CZMP-V1-2 Glossary
CZMP-V1-3 Abbreviations 
CZMP-V1-4 Table of content
CZMP-V1-5 Figure contents
CZMP-V1-6 Part A Sections 1-4
CZMP-V1-7 Part B Section 5-8
CZMP-V1-8 Part B Section 9
CZMP-V1-9 Part B 3 Section 10
CZMP-V1-10 Part B Section 11a
CZMP-V1-11 Part B Section 11b
CZMP-V1-12 Part B Section 12-14
CZMP-V1-13 Part C Section 15
CZMP-V1-14 Part C Sections 16-18
CZMP-V1-15 Part D Sections 19-20

Supporting appendices

This second volume of supporting material for the Wyong Coast Zone Management Plan (Wyong CZMP 2011) includes technical and planning studies that underpin strategies and actions in the plan.

Download documents:

V2 Appendix 1 Community engagement
V2 Appendix 2 Emergency Action Plan
V2 Appendix 3 Coastal Hazard Assessment
V2 Appendix 4a Geotechnical hazards
V2 Appendix 4b Geotechnical hazards
V2 Appendix 4c Geotechnical Hazards
V2 Appendix 4d Geotechnical Hazards
V2 Appendix 4e Geotechnical Hazards
V2 Appendix 4f Geotechnical Hazards
V2 Appendix 5 Policies
V2 Appendix 6 Assessment of Management Options
V2 Appendix 7a The Entrance dynamics
V2 Appendix 7b The Entrance dynamics


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